Probiotics for Kids

child holding probiotic supplement

In an effort to raise happy, healthy children, parents often explore various ways to support their little ones’ well-being. One area gaining increasing attention is the use of probiotics for kids. 

Probiotics, often referred to as “good bacteria,” play a crucial role in maintaining a balanced and thriving gut microbiome. Throughout the human lifespan, the gut microbiome follows some predictable patterns, with rapid changes from infancy to age three. 

The more the microbiome is studied the more connections are being made between gut health and the health of almost every other system of the body. So, the gut can be thought of as the trailhead to wellness.

Parents have a unique opportunity to shape and support their child’s health from the inside out. This article will review the world of probiotics, their benefits for children, and how parents can incorporate them into their kids’ daily routines.

Understanding Probiotics for Kids

Probiotics are live microorganisms, mainly bacteria and yeast, that offer health benefits to someone when they are eaten or taken in adequate amounts. While the term “bacteria” might sound concerning, it’s important to note that not all bacteria are harmful.

In fact, our bodies are home to trillions of microorganisms, collectively known as the microbiome, and maintaining a healthy balance is essential for overall well-being. It’s normal to have a mix of protective and inflammatory bacteria within your gut.

The goal is to create an environment that allows the protective bacteria to thrive. This is where probiotic foods and supplements come in. 

The Gut Microbiome and Children’s Health

The gut microbiome plays a crucial role in various aspects of children’s health. 

Immune Health

Did you know the gut houses most of the body’s immune system? This means the health of a child’s microbiome can contribute to the development of a robust immune system.

Regular introduction of probiotic foods and supplements within a child’s diet can indirectly enhance the immune system’s response. This can be especially beneficial for children, as it may help reduce the frequency and severity of common illnesses like colds and respiratory infections.

Digestive Health

Additionally, probiotic foods and supplements aid in better digestion. Just like anyone else, children can sometimes experience digestive issues such as gas, bloating, stomach pain, and irregular bowel movements like constipation or diarrhea. 

Probiotics help maintain a healthy balance of good gut bacteria, promoting smooth digestion and well-formed, easy-to-pass bowel movements. This can be particularly useful for kids transitioning to solid foods or facing digestive challenges.

Reduce Allergy Risk

Emerging research suggests that food allergies and food sensitivities may be linked to imbalances in the makeup of the gut microbiome. Probiotics for kids support the development of a balanced microbiome, which can influence the immune response and potentially decrease the likelihood of developing food and environmental allergies.

Mood and Behavior

The gut is known as the second brain since the two are connected by a bundle of nerves that run bi-directionally from one to the other. This means that the health of the gut has a direct impact on mental health and cognitive function and vice versa. 

Probiotics for kids may play a role in supporting children’s emotional well-being by influencing the communication between the gut and the brain. This can lead to improved outcomes for children with anxiety, depression, or other mental health conditions. 

Nutrient Absorption

A well-balanced gut microbiome is essential for proper nutrient absorption. Probiotics contribute to this balance, ensuring that children absorb the necessary vitamins and minerals from their diet, supporting overall growth and development.

Choosing the Right Probiotics for Kids

Not all probiotics for kids are created equal, and choosing the right one for your child is crucial. Here are some considerations if you want to incorporate a probiotic supplement:

Strain Selection

Different probiotic strains have varying benefits. Look for a probiotic supplement that contains strains known to support children’s health, such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium species.

Use the Pediatric section of the U.S. Probiotic Guide to determine which probiotic is right for your child. 

Formulation and Dosage

Probiotic supplements come in various forms, including capsules, powders, soft gels, liquids, and chewable tablets. Consider your child’s age and preferences when selecting a formulation. 

Quality and Purity

Choose probiotic supplements from reputable brands that prioritize quality and purity. The efficacy of probiotics depends on the viability of the live cultures, so it’s important to select products that guarantee the number of viable organisms until the expiration date.

Incorporating Probiotics into Your Child’s Routine

Dietary Sources

Currently, there is no research supporting dosage recommendations for probiotic foods. Consistency over quantity is what to focus on instead. 

Probiotics are naturally present in foods like yogurt, kefir, sauerkraut, miso, kombucha, kimchi, apple cider vinegar, and other fermented foods. These can be delicious additions to your child’s diet. 

Be sure to choose options with the words “live and active cultures” on the label to ensure the food contains probiotics.

Incorporate these foods in the following ways: 

Greek yogurt

  • Parfait with berries
  • Mixed into oatmeal
  • Make a dip for potatoes


  • Blend into a smoothie
  • Make popsicles 
  • Homemade ranch dressing

Apple cider vinegar

  • Add a splash to a fruit smoothie

You can find some additional ideas for incorporating probiotic foods here as well. 

Probiotic Supplements

If incorporating probiotic-rich foods is challenging, or if your child has specific dietary restrictions, supplements can be a convenient option. Consult with a healthcare professional to determine the right dosage for your child’s age and health needs.

Introduce probiotics gradually to allow your child’s digestive system to adjust. Start with small amounts and monitor for any adverse reactions.


Probiotics for kids offer a natural and effective way to support their overall health and well-being. From immune support to digestive health and beyond, the benefits of maintaining a balanced gut microbiome are vast. 

As parents, understanding the role of probiotics and making informed choices regarding strain selection, formulation, and dosage can contribute to nurturing a foundation of health for your little ones. 

Whether through dietary sources or supplements, incorporating probiotics into your child’s routine is a proactive step toward fostering a lifetime of well-being.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top